The 10 Essentials of Reading Instruction
1. Above all, good teachers matter.
2. Readers need long stretches of time to read.
3. Readers need opportunities to read high-interest, accessible books of their own choosing.
4. Readers need to read increasingly complex texts appropriate for their grade level.
5. Readers need direct, explicit instructions in the skills and strategies of proficient reading.
6. Readers need opportunities to talk and sometimes to write in response to texts.
7. Readers need support reading nonfiction books and building a knowledge base and academic vocabulary through information reading.
8. Readers need assessment-based instruction, including feedback tailored specifically to them.
9. Readers need teachers to read aloud to them.
10. Readers need a balanced approach to language arts, one that includes a responsible approach to the teaching of writing as well as reading.
Parent Video Resources 1
How to Support Your Child
According to the U.S. Department of Education, families can spark enthusiasm in children and lead them to a very important understanding- that learning is enjoyable as well as rewarding and well worth the effort required.
This page contains extension activities related to picking a book, sight words, phonics and decoding, comprehension, writing, fluency, and speaking and listening.
- Read as often as possible with your child.
- Encourage your child to read independently at least 25 books annually.
- Discuss ideas in books your child reads.
- Read an action story or tale of adventure to replace an evening TV program.
- Be a role model. Let your child see you read for pleasure.
High Frequency Words
Believe it or not, 50% of all reading texts are made up of the same 100 words! The most frequently used and repeated words in the English language are known as high frequency words. This list of words includes the, a, is, of, to, in, and, I, you, and that. Think about the number of times that you have seen these words in a piece of reading material. It’s probably too many times to count.
Directions for Electronic Flashcards
- These electronic flashcards are for independent practice.
- Your child will read the word out loud as it flashes on the screen.
- The words will automatically change every 3 seconds.